We previously discussed “simple” pain, the one that “makes sense”. You damage a tissue, you feel pain. Plain and simple.
But what about a more complex experience? Losing a parent, or suffering from a heartbreak can be described as very intense, and debilitating. Just similar to an acute low back pain episode. Thoughts and emotions come into play.
Behaviors, beliefs, thoughts, and emotions can modulate our experience of pain.
Chronic pain - persisting pain for over 3 months - affects daily 1 out of 5 people. When pain lasts for so long, it is hard to persuade ourselves that it is somehow useful. Still, the brain concluded, for some reason - often subconsciously - that we are in danger. The difficulty is to find the main cause and get rid of it.